Browser

This guide describes how to create, use, and close Browser.

Please consider reading the Architecture guide to better understand how the JxBrowser architecture is designed, what main components it provides, and how it works.

Creating Browser

To create a new Browser instance please use the Profile.newBrowser() method. For example:

Browser browser = profile.newBrowser();

If you use Engine.newBrowser() then the browser is created under the default profile.

Browser browser = engine.newBrowser();

This method performs the following actions:

  1. Creates a new Browser instance.
  2. Loads the about:blank web page in it and waits until the web page is loaded completely.

Closing Browser

The Browser instance is running in a separate native process that allocates memory and system resources to be released. So, when a Browser instance is no longer needed, it should be closed through the Browser.close() method to release all the allocated memory and system resources. For example:

Browser browser = engine.newBrowser();
...
browser.close();

An attempt to use an already closed Browser instance will lead to the IllegalStateException.

The Browser instance is closed automatically in the following cases:

  1. When its Engine is closed or unexpectedly crashed.
  2. When Browser is a pop-up that is closed from JavaScript using window.close().

To get notifications when the Browser instance is closed, please use the BrowserClosed event. For example:

browser.on(BrowserClosed.class, event -> {});

To check whether Browser is closed please use the isClosed() method:

boolean closed = browser.isClosed();

Browser Size

By default Browser size is empty. If you want to work with DOM or Find Text on a web page please configure the size.

To update the size of the Browser please use resize(int width, int height). For example:

browser.resize(800, 600);

This method notifies Chromium that the size of the Browser has been changed. Chromium will update the DOM layout of the loaded web page and repaint its content asynchronously. So, it might take some time for the web page to be repainted after the method returns.

User Agent

You can override the default User Agent string and configure Browser to use a custom string. For example:

browser.userAgent("<user-agent>");

To get the current user agent string please use:

String userAgent = browser.userAgent();

Remote Debugging URL

To get the remote debugging URL for a web page loaded in a particular Browser instance, use the following approach:

browser.devTools().remoteDebuggingUrl().ifPresent(url -> {});

This approach returns a valid URL only if the Engine was configured with the Remote Debugging Port.

Mouse and Keyboard Events

JxBrowser provides functionality that allows you to intercept the mouse and keyboard events before they will be sent to the web page using the following callbacks:

  • EnterMouseCallback
  • ExitMouseCallback
  • MoveMouseCallback
  • MoveMouseWheelCallback
  • PressKeyCallback
  • PressMouseCallback
  • ReleaseKeyCallback
  • ReleaseMouseCallback
  • TypeKeyCallback

The following example demonstrates how to suppress mouse wheel:

browser.set(MoveMouseWheelCallback.class, params -> Response.suppress());

You can use these callbacks to get notifications about the mouse and keyboard events in order to implement hotkeys in your application. Or you can suppress the default shortcuts such as Ctrl+C on Windows and Linux. For example:

browser.set(PressKeyCallback.class, params -> {
    KeyPressed event = params.event();
    boolean keyCodeC = event.keyCode() == KeyCode.KEY_CODE_C;
    boolean controlDown = event.keyModifiers().isControlDown();
    if (controlDown && keyCodeC) {
        return PressKeyCallback.Response.suppress();
    }
    return PressKeyCallback.Response.proceed();
});

Dispatch Keyboard Events

You can simulate typing into the focused DOM element of Browser.

import static com.google.common.util.concurrent.Uninterruptibles.awaitUninterruptibly;
import static com.teamdev.jxbrowser.engine.RenderingMode.HARDWARE_ACCELERATED;

import com.google.common.collect.ImmutableMap;
import com.teamdev.jxbrowser.browser.Browser;
import com.teamdev.jxbrowser.engine.Engine;
import com.teamdev.jxbrowser.navigation.event.FrameLoadFinished;
import com.teamdev.jxbrowser.ui.KeyCode;
import com.teamdev.jxbrowser.ui.event.KeyPressed;
import com.teamdev.jxbrowser.ui.event.KeyReleased;
import com.teamdev.jxbrowser.ui.event.KeyTyped;
import com.teamdev.jxbrowser.view.swing.BrowserView;
import java.awt.event.WindowAdapter;
import java.awt.event.WindowEvent;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.SwingUtilities;
import javax.swing.WindowConstants;

/**
 * This example demonstrates how to dispatch the {@code KeyEvent} to the currently focused element
 * on the loaded web page.
 */
public final class DispatchKeyEvents {

    private static final String HTML = "<input id=\"input\" autofocus>";
    private static final Map<Character, KeyCode> charToKeyCode;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Engine engine = Engine.newInstance(HARDWARE_ACCELERATED);
        Browser browser = engine.newBrowser();

        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(() -> {
            BrowserView view = BrowserView.newInstance(browser);
            JFrame frame = new JFrame("Dispatch key event");
            frame.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
                @Override
                public void windowClosing(WindowEvent e) {
                    engine.close();
                }
            });
            frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(WindowConstants.DISPOSE_ON_CLOSE);
            frame.add(view);
            frame.setSize(800, 500);
            frame.setLocationRelativeTo(null);
            frame.setVisible(true);
        });

        loadHtmlAndWait(browser, HTML);
        dispatchKey(browser, 'h');
        dispatchKey(browser, 'i');
    }

    static {
        charToKeyCode = ImmutableMap.<Character, KeyCode>builder()
                .put('h', KeyCode.KEY_CODE_H)
                .put('i', KeyCode.KEY_CODE_I)
                .build();
    }

    private static void loadHtmlAndWait(Browser browser, String html) {
        CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(1);
        browser.mainFrame().ifPresent(mainFrame -> {
            mainFrame.loadHtml(html);
        });
        browser.navigation().on(FrameLoadFinished.class, event -> latch.countDown());
        awaitUninterruptibly(latch);
    }

    private static void dispatchKey(Browser browser, char character) {
        dispatchKeyEvent(browser, character, charToKeyCode.get(character));
    }

    private static void dispatchKeyEvent(Browser browser, char character, KeyCode keyCode) {
        KeyPressed keyPressed = KeyPressed.newBuilder(keyCode)
                .keyChar(character)
                .build();
        KeyTyped keyTyped = KeyTyped.newBuilder(keyCode)
                .keyChar(character)
                .build();
        KeyReleased keyReleased = KeyReleased.newBuilder(keyCode)
                .build();

        browser.dispatch(keyPressed);
        browser.dispatch(keyTyped);
        browser.dispatch(keyReleased);
    }
}

Screen Sharing

Some web pages may want to start a screen sharing session. Chromium has the built-in functionality that allows sharing a screen, an application window, or a web page. In 7.20 the library API was extended with functionality that allows programmatically handling such requests or just display the standard Chromium dialog where the user can select the capture source.

To display the standard dialog use the following approach:

browser.set(StartCaptureSessionCallback.class, (params, tell) -> 
        tell.showSelectSourceDialog());

WebRTC Screen Sharing Dialog

If you don’t want to display the dialog and would like to programmatically handle the requests, you can always programmatically select the capture source and start session:

browser.set(StartCaptureSessionCallback.class, (params, tell) -> {
    CaptureSources sources = params.sources();
    CaptureSource screen = sources.screens().get(0);
    // Tell the browser instance to start a new capture session
    // with the given capture source (the first entire screen).
    tell.selectSource(screen, AudioCaptureMode.CAPTURE);
});

To programmatically stop the session, use the CaptureSessionStarted event. This event is triggered when a new capture session has been started. You can get a reference to the capture session and stop it anytime. The following example demonstrates how to stop the started capture session in 5 seconds:

browser.on(CaptureSessionStarted.class, event -> {
    CaptureSession captureSession = event.capture();
    new java.util.Timer().schedule(new TimerTask() {
        @Override public void run() {
            // Stop the capture session in 5 seconds.
            captureSession.stop();
        }
    }, 5000);
});

Desktop Notifications

Secure (HTTPS) web pages may display desktop notifications to the end user via the Notifications API. The API is designed to be compatible with existing notification systems, across different platforms.

Notifications will not work if the web page is not secure (HTTPS).

To display the desktop notification you must grant the corresponding permissions:

engine.permissions().set(RequestPermissionCallback.class, (params, tell) -> {
    if (params.permissionType() == PermissionType.NOTIFICATIONS) {
        tell.grant();
    } else {
        tell.deny();
    }
});

Some platforms require additional configuration to enable desktop notifications. On macOS, when JxBrowser is launched for the first time, the end user will be prompted to allow Chromium to show notifications.

Chromium Notifications Prompt macOS

Alternatively, the end user can enable/disable notifications for Chromium in macOS System Preferences -> Notification Centre:

Notification Centre Chromium

DevTools

You can show/hide the DevTools window programmatically without configuring Remote Debugging Port:

browser.devTools().show();

DevTools will be displayed in a separate window:

DevTools Window

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